Researchers in Cape Town, South Africa, examined 489 teachers in an effort to determine the extent of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and connections to cardiovascular disease risk factors. The presence of CKD was determined by either a low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated mathematically or elevated protein levels in the urine (proteinuria) measured biologically.
CKD was found to be common, affecting 6.1% of the study population, and about 4.5% of the participants had significant proteinuria. Notable links with CVD were found. Compared to those without CKD, teachers with CKD had 2.8 and 2.5 times greater risk of diabetes and abdominal obesity, respectively. For more information, read the full study here