A research study in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, examined blood pressure among 446 primary school children aged 6 to 17 years old to determine prevalence and risk factors of high blood pressure. Elevated blood pressure as defined in the study encompassed both pre-hypertension and hypertension, where average systolic blood pressure and/or average diastolic blood pressure exceeded the 90th percentile.
The results revealed that high blood pressure was common among the primary school students, affecting 15% of the group, with no notable differences between boys and girls. The highest prevalence of elevated blood pressure was observed in overweight and obese children. About 1 in 10 students had hypertension. Compared to children 10 years old and under, children over 10 years of age had a 3.6 times higher risk of elevated blood pressure. For detailed information about this research, click here.